Earlier this week, the judges of the Supreme Court of Mexico ruled that cannabis use and cannabis cultivation is a human right. The decision came after an activist group appealed a decision in the Supreme Court, and the 5 judges voted 4-1 against the prohibition of marijuana.
The group that appealed to the Supreme Court in Mexico is called SMART, and is made up of four members (an accountant, two lawyers and an activist). The four members collaborated in an effort to combat the problem of violent drug related crime in Mexico.
They appeared in the Supreme Court to appeal federal law, to be allowed to grow and carry marijuana for personal use. What is ground breaking about breaking free from prohibition in Mexico is that it is being argued on the basis of human rights. More specifically, the Supreme Court judges declared that marijuana prohibition “violates the right to free development of one’s personality.” This shows an extremely progressive outlook on the road to ending prohibition.
Uruguay was the first country in the world to legalize the use of marijuana and Mexico looks like it is not far behind. It is important that these changes are taking place in the countries that have been the most devastated by the war on drugs. Drug cartel crimes are prevalent in places like Uruguay and Mexico, and studies have shown that abolishing prohibition would certainly lessen the devastation of drug related crime.
Earlier this year, Mexico granted permission for a for a young patient to use cannabinoid oil for her Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome. However, this court decision suggests that Mexico might be making a change towards a complete drug policy reform.
Uruguay was the first country to legalize marijuana, and it seems that Canada and Mexico are not far behind, after Canada just elected a leader who promises to legalize marijuana. The USA doesn’t seem to be far behind either, since it is legal recreationally in most states. Bernie Sanders, a presidential candidate has also filed a bill in the senate for the legalization of marijuana at a federal level, a step that has never been taken in the USA.
The Americas seem to be the world leaders in terms of reforming prohibition, with Canada, Urugay, Mexico and the USA having made the biggest changes.
Although this is a big step for the abolition of prohibition in Mexico, the decision does not allow for recreational use of cannabis in Mexico yet. In order for this to occur, the Supreme Court will have to make the decision five times in similar cases. At this stage, the federal ruling means any members of the SMART group will be allowed to use and cultivate marijuana. Since the decision, all of SMART’s social media has been flooded with requests to join the group.
However, the decision does allow for a new attitude to start being considered in Mexico, as they begin their road towards legalization.
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