Plans for a referendum on marijuana policy could lead New Zealand to be the next country to legalize recreational cannabis.
AUCKLAND, NEW ZEALAND – FEBRUARY 04: AUCKLAND, NEW ZEALAND: AUCKLAND, NEW ZEALAND: A protestor smokes cannabis outside the Sky City Convention Centre ahead of the TPP signing on February 4, 2016 in Auckland, New Zealand. The signing ceremony marks the end of the TPP negotiation process to create one of the world’s biggest free-trade zones. (Photo by Phil Walter/Getty Images)
On October 20th, New Zealand’s new Prime Minister, Jacinda Ardern, announced her government intends to hold a national referendum on legal marijuana sometime in the next three years. Ardern hasn’t come out in favor of legalization herself but acknowledges the current system isn’t working. Before any decisions are made, Ardern says she intends to consult with the people of New Zealand on the wording of the referendum before she takes a stance.
The announcement for a referendum on recreational marijuana is a seismic shift in how the government of New Zealand talks about marijuana. Currently, it’s illegal to possess any amount of cannabis in New Zealand. The maximum punishment for cannabis is no more than three months in jail, or a 500 dollar fine.
Even medical cannabis is illegal in New Zealand. Some specialist physicians can prescribe products like CBD oil, but only to patients that meet strict guidelines. In 2016, the government lifted restrictions on some cannabis products, but New Zealand still practices prohibition of a kind that’s increasingly uncommon among developed nations.
New Zealand is pretty conservative when it comes to cannabis. A Curia research poll found that 66 percent of New Zealanders want to keep buying weed from a store illegal. When it comes to carrying a small amount for personal use, 34 percent of respondents want to keep that illegal, while 31 percent favor decriminalization and 33 percent prefer total legalization.
Those numbers can be alarming for activists. This is especially true considering legalization enjoyed wide support in places like Canada, Colorado, and California by a wide margin. And, each of those places had a while to come to terms with medical marijuana over the course of years. New Zealand is heading down a cannabis crash course.
NORML, a cannabis activist group in New Zealand, has campaigned for legalization for years. In anticipation of the referendum, NORML president Chris Fowlie wrote a blog post laying out strategies to sway voters. A huge part of NORML’s strategy revolves around replicating success other groups had in the United States and Canada. The other key strategy to do everything possible to make the vote a landslide for legalization.
“Although 50.1% is technically a win, for legitimacy and longevity we really need a comprehensive winning margin of something like 75%. At least,” the post reads.
Public opinion may sway over the next few months. The new government promised substantial medical marijuana reform in the next 100 days. Support for legalization steadily increased after medical marijuana was introduced in Canada, California, and Colorado.
While the future is unclear, there’s more reason to be optimistic than ever before in New Zealand. It’s unlikely anyone wants to keep spending billions on locking up weed smokers. There are many unanswered questions about the referendum, but it’s a ray of light at the end of the prohibition tunnel.
“Don’t fuck it up,” Fowlie wrote, “If we lose, there goes any chance of meaningful reform for several decades.”